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8 Early Signs And Symptoms Of Pregnancy Implantation

November 21, 2017

Untimely bleeding is frustrating, especially when you are planning for pregnancy. But do not get disappointed as this bleeding could indicate something good for you. It could be implantation bleeding, a normal physiological process in any pregnancy, and one of the early symptoms of pregnancy. Read this MomJunction post to know more about implantation, its stages, symptoms and how you can confirm that.

What Is Implantation?

Implantation (of the human embryo) is the attachment of the fertilized egg (the blastocyst) to the lining of the uterus to grow and develop. It is an entirely natural process that happens a week after ovulation and is an early stage of pregnancy.

One-third of women experience implantation bleeding but is mistaken for menstruation as it happens at the same time of your cycle.

When Does Implantation Occur?

In most cases, implantation takes place around nine days after ovulation, but sometimes it can occur as early as seven days or as late as 12 days. So, if ovulation takes place on the 14th day after a period (average 28-day cycle), implantation can occur on the 23rd day.

Implantation Calculator

During ovulation, the ovaries release the eggs. When the sperm enters the fallopian tube, it fertilizes the egg within 12 to 24 hours of ovulation. The fertilized egg, known as a zygote, then travels down the fallopian tube. During this time, the zygote multiplies several times to form a blastocyst, which enters the uterine cavity in five to six days after fertilization. It then implants to the uterus in a day or two. Therefore, the whole process from fertilization to implantation takes six to ten days. This means implantation occurs between the 20th and 24thday of your regular menstrual cycle.

Stages Of Implantation:

The embryo implantation occurs on the sixth or seventh day after ovulation. This process has three stages:

  • In the first stage, the embryo attaches to the uterine wall (the lining is endometrium). This initial phase of the implantation process is called adplantation. During this stage, the embryo is about five to six days oldВ [1].
  • In the second stage, the fertilized egg penetrates the uterine wall so that it is secure in the uterus. This process is adhesion of the blastocyst to the endometrium.
  • In the third stage, the embryo finally embeds deep inside the uterine wall. At this point, the ovum is located in the endometrial cavity, and as the endometrium grows, the cavity is wrapped better.

Common Signs And Symptoms Of Pregnancy Implantation:

Every pregnancy is different, and so are the implantation symptoms. They may also differ from the first pregnancy to the subsequent ones. Some women do not notice any symptoms associated with implantation. Listed below are the possible implantation signs that would help in confirming your pregnancy.

В 1. Implantation bleeding or spotting:

It is one of the primary symptoms of implantation, and probably an accurate sign of gestation. This happens when the embryo embeds into the uterine wall. So, if you notice light bleeding or spotting before the onset of your period, you do not have to worry.

But what does implantation bleeding look like? It is pinkish, scanty and not as red and heavy as the period bleeding. It is not consistent and does not form clots. The bleeding may be on and off and lasts from a few hours to two days.

2. Implantation cramping:

The second common symptom after spotting is implantation cramping, which is similar to period cramping. However, these cramps are milder and are less painful. So, where does implantation cramping occur? You will experience them in your back and lower abdomen and last for a couple of days. They are sometimes associated with continuous contractions in the uterine wall. If the cramping is severe and unbearable for a long time, it is advisable to see your healthcare provider.

3. Breast changes:

Soon after implantation, your body begins to change. Breasts undergo changes such as tenderness, soreness, and swelling. It is due to the changing female hormone levels after conception. In some cases, these changes are visible during ovulation as well as a week after ovulation.

4. Increased basal body temperature:

The basal body temperature (BBT) is high during implantation and can be a way to determine pregnancy. You may not necessarily track your body temperature unless you are trying to get pregnant. Therefore, you must chart your daily temperature, and see if it is increasing. The BBT rises at the time of ovulation due to increasing progesterone hormone and remains elevated when implantation occurs.

5. Frequent urination:

The urge to urinate increases within a week of implantation. Your body undergoes massive changes to make room for the baby. Increased blood supply to the pelvic area puts pressure on your bladder. This pressure increases your urge to urinate.

6. Food cravings/aversion:

This is another prominent sign of implantation. The hormones produced as a result of implantation tend to alter the woman’s likes and dislikes for food. You may crave for foods you have not tasted before or dislike foods you once loved. However, any cravings or aversions for food within seven days of ovulation cannot be considered an implantation symptom.

7. Hot flashes:

They are less common signs of implantation and last for about 15 minutes at the time of implantation. During implantation, the hormone levels rapidly fluctuate causing hot flashes. Though it is an inconsistent sign, you may still consider it in association with the other symptoms.

8. Cervical mucus:

An increase in the progesterone levels after implantation triggers the cervix to swell and increases the blood flow to it. Additionally, the glands enlarge and the hormones stimulate the glands to produce more cervical mucus. The mucus thus contains some blood, which is why cervical mucus after implantation looks pinkish or brownish in color.

While the above signs could determine your pregnancy, you cannot be sure until you take a test. Moreover, remember that not every woman has these signs.

How To Confirm If Your Implantation Is Successful?

The only way to confirm your pregnancy is through a pregnancy test. If you notice any spotting, i.e., implantation bleeding, wait for about three days and take a home pregnancy test. The later you take the test, the more are the chances of getting an accurate result as your hCG levels increase.

Another way of confirming implantation is going for a sonogram to know if the embryo is attached to the uterine wall. After three to four weeks of implantation, you can see the fetus in the uterus. However, sonogram could have an adverse effect on the sensitive process of implantation and fetal development.

Experiencing signs, but got a negative test result?

You may be having the signs of a successful implantation, but may end up with negative test results. This may be because of insufficient hCG hormone. In some cases, it will take up to ten days post implantation to have enough hCG in the body to give positive results. Therefore, be optimistic and be patient.

How To Increase Your Chances Of Implantation?

The two weeks after a menstrual cycle are stressful if you are planning to get pregnant. The elevated stress levels prevent conception by disrupting the hormone levels. Therefore, you need to know ways to improve the chances of successful implantation.

The following are the practical ways to make your two weeks wait enjoyable:

1. Balanced diet for healthy hormonal levels and uterine lining:

  • Fiber-rich foods promote healthy estrogen levels, metabolism, and digestion. Eat dark leafy greens such as collard, kale or beet greens, ground flax seeds, soaked seeds and nuts, and whole grains. Have about 28 grams of fiber every day.
  • Super foods support healthy hormonal levels. Include coconut oil, cod liver oil, goji berries (Arctium lappa) and maca (Lepidium meyenii) in your diet.
  • Support the healthy growth of uterine lining by taking pregnancy-safe herbs and blood nourishing foods. Consume herbs such as hibiscus, nettle, red raspberry leaf and yellow dock infusions or extracts. Blood nourishing foods include salmon, grass fed meats, sunflower and pumpkin seeds, spirulina and quinoa.
  • Include foods that increase your body temperature. When progesterone levels raise the body’s temperature also raises. Therefore, a warm womb is an ideal environment to support a new life. Try taking stews and soups with some warming herbs such as cinnamon, ginger, and cayenne.

2. Generate good feelings:

You may have high expectations during the two weeks of wait for the good news. You are overwhelmed with anticipation and anxiety. This could release stress hormones which prevent your body from conceiving.

Keep your cool during this period. Dream about getting pregnant but do not make it your obsession. Keep yourself busy and take up the tasks that you love to do. This will keep your emotions under check.

3. Rethink about natural therapies, herbs and supplements you are already taking:

Certain natural therapies will affect the uterus and thus prevent implantation. Avoid practices such as castor oil packs, self-fertility massage, Maya abdominal massage and Radiant Womb therapeutic oil. All of these therapies are fine before ovulation but not at the time of implantation.

You can continue with acupuncture and herbal programs and prenatal vitamin supplements.

4. Take enough rest and nurture yourself:

While waiting for your pregnancy news, you might often observe yourself clenching your jaw, tummy or holding your shoulder high, which are all signs of stress. Try to avoid the thoughts and jobs that make you feel stressful. Have a healthy environment at home and work.

  • Go to sleep early, and take naps in the day.
  • If you are into running or heavy exercises, shift to brisk walking or fertility yoga.
  • Nest your womb, which means make it a safe environment for inviting the baby.
  • Get a massage, get around with your dear ones, plan for a calm outing.

5. Believe in yourself:

You may not get pregnant if you doubt your abilities to give birth to a baby. Change your thought pattern, and believe in yourself. Negative thoughts could alter hormonal balance, thus affecting your chances of healthy ovulation, implantation, and pregnancy.

Positive affirmations, counseling, and meditation will help you to think positive about your body and inner self. However, it is not going to happen overnight. So, be gentle while you shift to a positive approach.

Why Does Abnormal Implantation Occur?

In rare cases, some women could experience abnormal implantation that leads to pregnancy loss. Those rare circumstances include:

1. Ectopic pregnancy:

When the fertilized egg implants outside the cervix, it is called ectopic pregnancy. Usually, the implantation occurs in the fallopian tube when the embryo fails to descend to the cervix. In the process, it can, sometimes, attach to the ovary or the abdomen. This type of pregnancy has to be terminated medically, and this can lead to heavy implantation bleeding and rupture. It, therefore, reduces the chances of conception in the future.

2. Hydatidiform mole:

This occurs when the rapidly dividing blastocyst implants itself to the uterine wall but does not develop into a full-fledged embryo. Instead of an embryo, the blastocyst turns into a tumor. You may experience all the signs of pregnancy and may even get confirmed pregnancy test results due to the production of hCG by the tumor cells. Only an ultrasound can determine the presence of hydatidiform mole.

3. Problems with the placenta:

Abnormalities related to the placenta are dependent on where the implantation takes place. If the function of the placenta is adversely affected, the pregnancy will not continue. Placental problems lead to pregnancy loss, and an early loss is called a miscarriage. If placental abnormalities occur later in the pregnancy, they result in pre-term birth, causing complications for the mother and the baby.

Implantation is the first step of pregnancy. It could be so subtle that you may not even realize that it has happened inside your body. But when your urge to get pregnant is high, you tend to relate every minor change in your body to pregnancy. The key is not to get anxious for the result or disappointed if the result is negative. The next menstrual period is just around the corner!

Frequently Asked Questions:

How long does implantation bleeding last?

Implantation bleeding lasts for a few hours to two days. In rare cases, it may continue for more than two days. The length usually depends on the amount of blood that is released in the process of embryo implantation, and the time it takes for the body to get rid of it.

How long does implantation cramping last?

Implantation cramping lasts for five minutes. In some cases, the cramps will last for less than five minutes or up to two days.

What do implantation cramps feel like?

They are like a light pricking or pulling pain in the lower abdomen, and start about a week before your period is due. Some women may experience only a single episode of it, while some others will have occasional cramping.

Have any questions to ask or experiences to share? Do write them in the comment section below.

Your pregnancy and baby guide

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Signs and symptoms of pregnancy

Early signs of pregnancy

For women who have a regular monthly menstrual cycle, the earliest and most reliable sign of pregnancy is a missed period. Women who are pregnant sometimes have a very light period, losing only a little blood.

Some of the other early pregnancy signs and symptoms are listed below. Every woman is different and not all women will notice all of these symptoms.

Feeling sick during pregnancy

You may feel sick and nauseous, and/or vomit. This is commonly known as morning sickness, but it can happen at any time of the day or night.

For most women who have morning sickness, the symptoms start around six weeks after their last period.

If you’re being sick all the time and can’t keep anything down, contact your GP. The pregnancy condition hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a serious condition that causes severe vomiting and needs treatment.

Feeling tired is common in pregnancy

It’s common to feel tired, or even exhausted, during pregnancy, especially during the first 12 weeks or so. Hormonal changes taking place in your body at this time can make you feel tired, nauseous, emotional and upset.

Sore breasts in early pregnancy

Your breasts may become larger and feel tender, just as they might do before your period. They may also tingle. The veins may be more visible, and the nipples may darken and stand out.

Peeing more often suggests pregnancy

You may feel the need to pee (urinate) more often than usual, including during the night.

Other signs of pregnancy that you may notice are:

Strange tastes, smells and cravings

During early pregnancy, you may find that your senses are heightened and that some foods or drinks you previously enjoyed become repellent. You might notice:

  • a strange taste in your mouth, which many women describe as metallic
  • that you crave new foods
  • that you lose interest in certain foods or drinks that you previously enjoyed – such as tea, coffee or fatty food
  • that you lose interest in tobacco
  • that you have a more sensitive sense of smell than usual – for example, to the smell of food or cooking

If your pregnancy test is negative

A positive test result is almost certainly correct. A negative result is less reliable. If you get a negative result and still think that you may be pregnant, wait a week and try again.

If you are pregnant, use the pregnancy due date calculator to work out when your baby is due.

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Early Pregnancy Signs and Symptoms

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The Information Standard

Shalini Patni, 28 Feb 2017

Pregnancy tests are very sensitive so it is common to find out that you are pregnant before you develop any signs or symptoms of pregnancy. However, as your pregnancy continues you are likely to experience various symptoms and signs.

In this article

  • arrow-downHow do I know I am pregnant?
  • arrow-downWhat are the common symptoms and signs of early pregnancy?
  • arrow-downWhat should I do when I find out that I am pregnant?

Early Pregnancy Signs and Symptoms

In this article

How do I know I am pregnant?

Pregnancy tests are available from chemists and supermarkets and are very sensitive. They test for the presence of a hormone called beta human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta-hCG) in your urine. Beta-hCG is produced by your body when an egg (which has been fertilised by a sperm) attaches and fixes itself (implants itself) into the wall of your womb (uterus).

Different makes of pregnancy tests vary in how sensitive they are. The more sensitive ones can become positive when you are only a few days pregnant. However, a negative test does not mean that you are not pregnant; it may just mean that the levels of this hormone are not high enough to be detected by the test.

As pregnancy tests vary in how you use them, it is important to read the instructions carefully before you do the test.

If your first pregnancy test is negative but you think you may be pregnant then you should repeat the pregnancy test one week later. If you have a positive pregnancy test, this does not need to be repeated by a doctor or a midwife.

Early Pregnancy Q&A

How long does it take to get symptoms of pregnancy? What can cause the same symptoms of pregnancy? What are the different stages of pregnancy? All your questions answered.

What are the common symptoms and signs of early pregnancy?

The symptoms of early pregnancy vary tremendously between women. Some women hardly have any symptoms, whereas others have very severe symptoms. It is impossible to predict which women will have more severe symptoms. However, in general, if you are expecting twins or triplets then it is likely that your symptoms will be more severe.

Extreme tiredness is often the most common sign of an early pregnancy. Although it is common to become more tired in the later stages of pregnancy, this extreme tiredness and lack of energy (lethargy) usually last for the first twelve weeks (first trimester). They usually then improve.

Urinary symptoms and constipation

You may notice that you need to pass urine more frequently than you used to. This is actually due to the effect of the beta-hCG hormone which makes your kidneys work harder to produce more urine. This is different to the reason you will need to pass urine more often in the later stages of pregnancy, which is due to the baby’s head pressing on your bladder.

Note: if you experience any burning, stinging or a high temperature (fever) with these urinary symptoms, contact your doctor or midwife. Urine infections are common when you are pregnant. Your doctor or midwife will arrange to test your urine for an infection. See separate leaflet called Urine Infection in Pregnancy for more information.

It can be common to find that you are more constipated than usual in the early stages of pregnancy. This is due to the chemical (hormone) progesterone making your bowel more relaxed and sluggish. It is important to have a healthy diet throughout your pregnancy. If you do become constipated then you should eat more foods with lots of fibre in them, like wholemeal bread, fruit and vegetables. Make sure you are drinking enough fluids, especially water.

Breast tenderness

Another very early sign of pregnancy is breast tenderness. You may find that just the water from your shower on your breasts makes them feel uncomfortable and very tender. You may also find that you wake in the night when you roll on to your front because your breasts are tender. Your breasts may tingle at times or even have stabbing pains in them. You may also notice that your breasts become bigger and more swollen over the first few weeks of pregnancy. As your pregnancy develops it is common to notice some veins under the surface of your skin over your breasts. This is entirely normal.

After a few weeks you may notice that the coloured skin around your nipples (the areolae) becomes darker.

Feeling sick (nausea)

Although most women think that feeling sick is the first sign of being pregnant, it is more common to develop other symptoms first. Feeling sick usually starts around the sixth week of your pregnancy. This can, however, vary between pregnancies in the same woman as well as between different women. You may find that you are being sick (vomiting) as well as feeling sick. The amount and frequency really does vary between women and can also be different (worse or better) in later pregnancies.

This sickness is commonly referred to as morning sickness. It is more common to experience feeling sick only in the mornings. However, you may find that this feeling continues throughout the afternoons and even into the evenings. See separate leaflet called Morning Sickness in Pregnancy for more information.

Food cravings

You may find that you crave certain foods during your pregnancy or even go off some foods. Some women experience a metallic taste in their mouth. You are likely to have a heightened sense of smell during your early pregnancy. This may make any feelings of sickness that you have worse.

Irritability

The changes in hormone levels in early pregnancy may make you feel more moody and irritable than usual.

Missed period

Although this has always been the most obvious sign of pregnancy, many women now find out they are pregnant before they miss their first period.

Many women may have a small amount of bleeding (spotting) at the time of their missed period. This is sometimes called an ‘implantation bleed’. It happens when the fertilised egg attaches and fixes itself (implants itself) in the wall of your womb (uterus). It is harmless.

However, if you have any spotting or heavy bleeding when you are pregnant then you should let your doctor or midwife know. In some cases further tests (for example, a scan) are necessary. This is because bleeding can sometimes be a sign of a miscarriage. See separate leaflet called Miscarriage and Bleeding in Early Pregnancy for more information. Less commonly it can be the first symptom of an ectopic pregnancy. ‘Ectopic’ refers to a pregnancy which occurs outside the womb. See separate leaflet called Ectopic Pregnancy for more information.

Due Date Calculator

Get an estimated date of delivery for your baby based on your last period.

What should I do when I find out that I am pregnant?

Once your pregnancy has been confirmed by a pregnancy test then you should contact your doctor’s surgery. They will arrange for you to see your doctor or midwife. Usually you will be seen by a midwife at around twelve weeks of your pregnancy. They will see you at your surgery, at a children’s centre or at home. It is rare nowadays to have to go to a hospital to see a midwife.

How do you tell your boss you're pregnant?

Dr Sarah Jarvis, GP and Clinical Director of patient.info

It is important to have a healthy lifestyle during your pregnancy. This includes healthy eating and taking folic acid and vitamin D supplements. See separate leaflet called Diet and Lifestyle during Pregnancy for more details.

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15 days past ovulation

The most common early pregnancy signs & symptoms

The most common and significant very early signs and symptoms experienced on 15 days past ovulation.

Positive indicators of pregnancy

The most significant positive signs and symptoms when comparing pregnant versus non-pregnant women.

Understanding the data

Experiencing these symptoms on 15 days past ovulation increases the probability of pregnancy.

Reading the table: 10% of pregnant women experience the symptom ‘Very Happy’. Pregnant women experience this symptom 2.2 times as often as non-pregnant women.

Negative indicators of pregnancy

The most significant negative signs and symptoms when comparing pregnant versus non-pregnant women.

Understanding the data

Experiencing these symptoms on 15 days past ovulation decreases the probability of pregnancy.

Reading the table: 15.4% of non-pregnant women experience the symptom ‘I Don’t ‘Feel’ Pregnant’. Non-pregnant women experience this symptom 2.8 times as often as pregnant women.

Most common signs and symptoms (15 dpo)

The most frequently occurring signs and symptoms experienced by women on 15 days past ovulation (regardless of whether they are pregnant or not). The table displays what percentage of all women experience each symptom and it’s impact on the probability of pregnancy (either positively, negatively or no affect).

Understanding the data

Has a statistically significant affect on the probability of pregnancy. Experiencing this symptom increases the likelihood of pregnancy.

Has a statistically significant affect on the probability of pregnancy. Experiencing this symptom decreases the likelihood of pregnancy.

Does not have a significant affect on the probability of pregnancy. Experiencing this symptom does not increase nor decrease the likelihood of pregnancy.

For indepth information on how much a symptom affects the probability of pregnancy, visit the symptom page.

По материалам:

http://www.momjunction.com/articles/pregnancy-implantation_00386827/

http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/signs-and-symptoms-pregnancy/

http://patient.info/health/early-pregnancy-signs-and-symptoms

http://www.countdowntopregnancy.com/early-pregnancy-symptoms/dpo-chart.php?dpo=15&print=1

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